Your thyroid gland is located in the throat portion of your neck. This butterfly shaped gland is small, but it very powerful in producing many of your body’s hormones. It also affects your body’s ability to metabolize energy by working in conjunction with your pituitary gland. However, thyroid diseases can be very common and problematic for many people.
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid is excessively active in its production of hormones which causes a person’s metabolism to kick in the overdrive. As a result, people suffering from hyperthyroidism will find that they often feel tired and fatigued. Common symptoms include rapid heartbeat, hot sensations, rapid weight loss, and more. Hyperthyroidism is often associated with Graves’ Disease, which causes the body to produce antibodies that over stimulate the thyroid gland.
Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland produces too little of the hormones your body needs to function. This often leads to reduce metabolism, which means the active processes of the body are slowed down than they normally should be. People suffering from hypothyroidism may experience weight gain, cold sensations, and feelings of tiredness or depression. Hypothyroidism is also commonly associated with Hashimoto’s Disease, which is when the immune system works against the thyroid gland in delaying or decreasing its production of hormones.
Goiter is another common problem often associated with the thyroid gland. This condition occurs when the thyroid gland is large and protrudes from the throat. Goiter can be caused by an iodine deficiency in diet, infection, or other disorders. People who have goiter may have difficulty swallowing or breathing properly.
The important function and nature of your thyroid gland means it is imperative to get your thyroid checked on a regular basis. This can easily be done through blood tests, which examines your T4 and T3 hormone levels to ensure that they are functioning normally. Problems with the thyroid gland are commonly treated through medication prescribed by your doctor. In some cases, surgery may be needed.
Keep your thyroid healthy by making some simple dietary and lifestyle changes. Be sure to support your thyroid by consuming foods rich in iodine. Foods high in iodine include milk, turkey, cranberries, prunes, as well as yogurt. Also consider taking a daily multivitamin or supplement. For more information on how you can lead a healthy and active lifestyle, please be sure to visit HealthyLivingMadeEasy.org. Visit our website to contact our certified personal trainers, who can help you develop a plan of action through our Wellness Initiative Now program. You can also send us an email at email@example.com and will get back to you as soon as possible. We look forward to hearing from you!