What causes stress is noted as being the features of arousal and fear; this occurs when the neurotransmitters are set in motion in our brain area, which called the hypothalamus. These transmitters trigger neutrons throughout the brain and release chemicals throughout the body. This in turn activates two nervous systems called the autonomic and the endocrine nervous systems (Comer 2009, p. 141).
The autonomic nervous system is a complicated set of fibers that connect the central nervous system (the brain and the spinal cord) to all of the other organs in the body. These fibers help control the heartbeat, blood pressure and perspiration (Comer 2009, p. 141). Likewise, there is the endocrine nervous system, which is a network of glands that are located throughout the body and these glands release hormones into our bloodstream which go on into other organs in the body (Comer 2009, p. 141).
These two system use two different pathways in our body’s, one is the sympathetic nervous system and the second is the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal pathway. It is the sympathetic nervous system that reacts when we face dangerous situations, as this group of autonomic nervous system fibers work to quicken our heartbeat as well as producing other changes that we experience as fear and or anxiety (Comer 2009, p. 141).
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal pathway secretes the adrenocorticotropic hormone this in turn stimulates the outer layer of the adrenal glands an area also known as the adrenal cortex; which in turn release a group of stress hormones called corticosteroids which includes the hormone cortisol and these travel to other body organs where they produce arousal and fear reactions. It is the reaction in these two pathways that are collectively referred to as the, “fight of flight response, simply because they arouse and prepare our bodies for a response to dangerous situations and or circumstances that make us uncomfortable (Dallman & amp; Hellhammer, 2011, as cited by Comer 2009, p. 142). There is also a second group of nervous system fibers that react when danger, arousal and or fearful situation have passed; it is called the parasympathetic nervous system (Comer 2009, p. 142).
Treatment of Stress Disorders, with the many levels of stress and the number of types of stress disorders, it is imperative to diagnose the type of stress that you are dealing with to best assist the client or patient. There are identifying differences in stress, one being that for most people the reaction subsides after the danger or arousal situation passes (Comer 2009, p. 142).
However, the other difference is that for others the arousal and or fear persist long after the situation is over and this is what is known as acute stress disorder or what’s currently being identified as posttraumatic stress disorder, which are patterns that arise as a result of a traumatic psychological event (Comer 2009, p. 142). These psychological traumatic events occur when a person is exposed to a life threatening situation, serious injury, and or sexual violation (APA, 2013, 2012, as cited by Comer 2009, p. 142).
Somatic disorders are the result of a person that suffers from excessive stressing or obsessing, concerns and anxiety about bodily symptoms that they may be experiencing and one’s life is greatly disrupted as a result of the symptoms. The symptoms can be long lasting and ultimately have no real known cause and the concerns of the individual are usually disproportionate to the seriousness of the person’s bodily problems (APA, 2013, 2012, as cited by Comer 2009, p. 240).
There are two distinctive patterns of the somatic symptom disorder, one being the somatization pattern and the other being predominant pain pattern. The somatization pattern is where the individual experiences a large varied number of bodily systems and in the predominant pain pattern, the person’s primary bodily problem is the experiencing of pain (Comer 2009, p. 240).
As for me personally, when I was suffering from my life of worldliness, I was prone to be stigmatized and diagnosed to be suffering from every type of stress and disorder that could be applied to one human being. From traumatic stress, depression, anxiety, with a bi-polar diagnosis, and server addiction tendencies, it wasn’t until I decided that I was not going to be the person the world said I was and instead allow the Holy Spirit to guide me in becoming what God had preordained and predestined me to become, that I started to experience the newness in and through Christ.
I decided to trust His word and promises on my life, which mean, yes, I started to read the word of God daily and not only reading it, but believing it and receiving it, in on and over my entire existence, in every situation and every circumstance, no matter what it looked like, I made a choice to trust what Jesus said and not what the world was telling me about me. Today I am truly what God said I am, I mean I literally have witness the word of God transform my very existence to that which He preordained and predestined me to be, see, do, speak, experience and share.
Today I live a life of freedom, victorious in Christ Jesus, with no doubt that I am the head and not the tail, that I am above and not beneath, I am no longer the borrower, but the lender. As I now live a life full of perfect peace and joy; free from the chaos of the world, this can only come from Jesus Christ. Today I have learned to stay prayed up and suited up; for the war has begun and I am a new creature in Christ, geared for battle, as I am a soldier for the Lord. A pastoral warrior constantly doing battle for the Lord, as He so purposed my life and prepared me for the test of this life, in this boot camp called earth, with all of its diagnosis and stress.
Which by the way, no longer apply to my life, because He has set me apart, as I now know that, not only has the price been paid for my freedom, but I have an inheritance called grace and salvation. Transformed in my mind, I am the redeemed of the Lord, so I have no more need to stress or allow anyone to tempt me to become stressed, “who the son sets free; is free indeed”, because Jesus paid the ransom, “once and for all.”
Blessing to you all,